What Is Full Spectrum & Broad Spectrum CBD Oil: Differences and BenefitsBreffni O'Brien
When browsing the myriad of CBD products available online, you might have noticed the terms ‘full spectrum CBD oil” and “broad spectrum CBD oil” cropping up a lot? But what do these terms mean? How will it impact the products that you’re purchasing?
Both terms refer to the different types of CBD extract used when making the product. But how are they different? Let’s take a more in-depth look at full spectrum CBD oil vs broad spectrum.
Full spectrum CBD oil and broad spectrum CBD oil are two different types of CBD extract, both containing slightly different compounds. Although the finished products are slightly different, they both begin life in the same way – as full spectrum extract. Where does this extract come from?
To extract CBD oil from the hemp plant, we use three main methods:
- Lipid Extraction: This technique uses heat and pressure to encapsulate plant compounds into a lipid or fat, i.e. coconut oil, olive oil or MCT oil. This method is becoming increasingly popular as it does not require solvents or carbon dioxide.
- Steam Distillation: This method separates oil from plant material with the help of steam. Although it’s quite a popular method, it’s not as efficient as other methods, like solvent extraction.
- Solvent Extraction: This is an extremely efficient method; however, it can pose a potential health risk. Extra care needs to be taken to ensure solvents are not left behind after the process. Using solvents in the extraction process can also affect the flavour of the extract.
- Carbon Dioxide: This is one of the most popular techniques used as it allows the production of very high concentration CBD oil. Here we use CO2 to separate CBD oil from the cannabis plant.
The extraction stage yields whole, unprocessed hemp extract, also known as full spectrum CBD oil. This extract will need to go through refinement and filtration processes to become broad spectrum CBD oil.
To produce CBD isolate, a purer form of the CBD compound, additional cooling and purification processes are required.
What is Full Spectrum CBD oil?
The hemp plant contains many compounds, in various concentrations. Many of these compounds make their way into hemp extract too. The main compounds are:
Cannabinoids: There are more than 100 known cannabinoids in the hemp plant. These include well-known compounds such as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This may also include other, less well-known compounds such as cannabichromene (CBC), cannabinol (CBN) and cannabigerol (CBG).
Terpenes: There are more than 150 terpenes found in the hemp plant. Some of the most common terpenes are limonene, a-Pinene, and Myrcene. These compounds give the hemp plant its trademark citrus smell, and they are believed to have a calming effect on the consumer.
Flavonoids: Hemp contains approximately 20 flavonoids. These are compounds that can also be found in various other plants such as vegetables, fruits, and grains. Like terpenes, they are believed to have health and wellness benefits.
Full-spectrum CBD oil contains all of the abovementioned compounds, in varying concentrations.
Benefits of Full Spectrum CBD Oil
As we know, full-spectrum CBD oil contains a host of cannabinoids, alongside the other naturally occurring compounds, such as terpenes and flavonoids. This includes tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is known to have psychoactive properties.
However, it is worth noting that finished CBD products are required by law to contain less than 1 mg of THC per product. This is far below the amount needed to cause any psychoactive effects for the consumer.
Experts report that using an extract that has a large number of hemp plant compounds, like full spectrum CBD oil, often yields more significant results.
It is believed that when the naturally occurring compounds work in harmony with each other, the benefits and effects of the extract can be more pronounced. This phenomenon is known as the “entourage effect”.
Because full-spectrum CBD oil contains the maximum amount of hemp compounds, alongside CBD, they magnify this “entourage effect”.
When buying CBD products, we recommend checking the certificate of analysis (COA) for that individual product. This is particularly important when purchasing full-spectrum products.
The document will outline the cannabinoids present in the product and their potencies. All CBD products must contain less than 1 mg of THC to be sold legally within the UK; however, we recommend double-checking the paperwork if you have any concerns.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD Oil?
Broad Spectrum CBD oil bridges the gap between full-spectrum CBD oil and CBD isolate (pure CBD). This type of extract is not completely unprocessed like full spectrum, but it is less processed than CBD isolate.
Broad-spectrum CBD oil offers various compounds and cannabinoids, like full-spectrum CBD oil, with the exception of THC. Broad-spectrum CBD oil is made by removing the THC compound.
Experts use a process known as flash chromatography to separate and remove the THC molecules from the hemp extract. This process involves using solvents to isolate the unwanted molecules so that they can be removed.
Chromatographic methods like this require large volumes of solvents and the overall process is relatively slow. Some CBD is also lost in the process. Additionally, an experienced operator is required to oversee the process at all times as it is a delicate and potentially dangerous process.
Harmonic Evaporation is another THC-removal process that is gaining popularity. This process is solvent-free as it uses a vacuum, temperature, and other controlled parameters to remove THC.
This process also removes some CBD from the extract. This technique is much faster and can process up to 70 litres of CBD oil in 24-48 hours. Additionally, an operator is only needed to check the THC levels occasionally.
When it comes to broad spectrum CBD oil, some of the CBD content is lost during refinement processes. For this reason, we advise checking the certificate of analysis that accompanies each product for accurate information on CBD content and purity.
Benefits of Broad Spectrum CBD oil
Broad spectrum CBD oil, like full spectrum CBD oil, contains a considerable amount of cannabinoids and other naturally occurring compounds like terpenes and flavonoids. This means that broad spectrum CBD oil also offers the same “entourage effect” that full spectrum extract does.
If you’re using broad spectrum CBD oil, this “entourage effect” may not yield as substantial results, in comparison to using full spectrum extract. This is because broad spectrum extract is not only missing THC, but the CBD content may also be lower.
Broad Spectrum CBD oil is an excellent choice because:
- It is less processed than CBD isolate.
- It is more suited to individuals who experience sensitivity to THC.
- Individuals who are required to undergo work-related drug testing.
- CBD beginners who are apprehensive about consuming THC.
Although all CBD products must contain less than 1 mg THC, in compliance with UK law, frequently consuming full spectrum CBD products in large quantities can lead to a positive result on drug tests. While CBD is legal to purchase and consume in the UK, THC is considered a controlled substance.
Whilst full spectrum CBD oil contains only trace amounts of THC, broad spectrum CBD oil contains no detectable traces of THC. This makes it an attractive choice for anyone worried about THC sensitivity or work-related drug testing.
Difference Between Full Spectrum CBD Oil and Broad Spectrum CBD Oil
Both full spectrum and broad spectrum extracts contain cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. The main difference between the two extracts is the presences of tetrahydrocannabinol, or lack thereof.
Full spectrum CBD oil will contain trace amounts of THC. Broad spectrum, on the other hand, will not contain any detectable amounts of THC.
It is worth noting that the two terms are not highly regulated and are sometimes used interchangeably by manufacturers and suppliers. If you would rather a THC-free product, we recommend that you consult the COA.
This document will detail the components of the product, the cannabinoids present and their potencies. This is a quick and easy way to see if there is THC in the product.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil Products
If you’re looking for full spectrum CBD oil in the UK, you are truly spoiled for choice. You can browse the complete CBD Village collection here.
Full Spectrum CBD Tinctures
If you’re looking for a fast-acting, efficient CBD oil product, CBD tinctures could be for you.
Alpinols 2.5% Water Soluble Full Spectrum CBD drops are the perfect way to seamlessly integrate CBD into your everyday routine. This product contains 250 mg CBD in every 10 ml bottle, along with a host of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids.
This full spectrum CBD tincture is fully water-soluble so you can add it to almost any liquid to enjoy on-the-go. Because the product is water-soluble it also means that there is increased bioavailability.
Water-soluble forms of CBD are easily absorbed by the body meaning they are fast-acting and you’ll absorb more CBD from the product — getting more for your money.
Full Spectrum CBD Teas and Coffees
CBD-infused teas and coffees are a fun, delicious way of adding CBD into your daily routine.
Hempresso CBD Coffee Bags are made using 100% arabica, whole bean coffee, and full spectrum CBD oil. These coffee bags are specifically designed with your convenience in mind. Just pop them into your mug and pour in freshly boiled water. Leave the bag in to brew, just like a teabag. The longer you leave it in, the stronger the flavour. Opting for CBD-infused coffee is an excellent way to start your day.
CBD-infused teabags are equally popular. CBD Village stock an extensive range of CBD teabags and loose-leaf teas. Choose from a range of traditional breakfast teas or herbal teas like this Equilibrium CBD Gourmet Loose Leaf Tea. Enjoy the invigorating flavours and aroma of ginger and turmeric, while your body benefits from all the goodness of full spectrum CBD oil.
Broad Spectrum CBD Oil Products
CBD Village stock a vast range of broad spectrum CBD oil products. From bath bombs to gummies – you can browse the collection here.
Broad spectrum CBD tinctures
CBD tinctures aren’t just produced using full spectrum CBD oil; you can also opt for broad spectrum CBD tinctures. Broad spectrum tinctures, like Naturecan 5% CBD Broad Spectrum tincture is an excellent way to enjoy the “entourage effect” without worrying about THC content.
Benefit from a range of terpenes and cannabinoids, alongside 500 mg of CBD in every 10 ml bottle. This tincture is made by combining high-quality broad spectrum CBD extract with organic MCT oil. It is also 100% THC-free.
Broad Spectrum CBD Edibles
If you would prefer a slow-release CBD option, edibles might be for you. Choose between a wide variety of gummies, chocolate and capsules. These broad spectrum capsules and gummies are a discreet, convenient way to enjoy THC-free CBD oil.
Capsules can be taken alongside food supplements and vitamins in the morning or when you’re out and about. Gummies are also discreetly packaged and can be consumed at any point during the day. Making them both ideal travelling companions.
The CBD market is vast and finding the ideal CBD-infused product for you can be overwhelming. Whilst browsing through the endless options, you may come across the terms “full spectrum CBD oil” and “broad spectrum CBD oil” quite often.
These terms simply refer to types of CBD extract. Both extracts contain a wide range of naturally occurring cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, alongside other essential oils. Whilst both extracts will contain cannabinoids like CBD, CBC, CBG, and CBN, in various concentrations, only full spectrum CBD oil will contain THC. This is because broad spectrum CBD oil undergoes refinement processes to remove THC.
In accordance with UK law, all CBD products must contain less than 1 mg THC, including full spectrum extract. Broad spectrum extract will contain no detectable traces of THC.
Both extracts will produce the “entourage effect”, meaning that the overall benefits are magnified. However, this will be less pronounced when using broad spectrum extract due to the lack of THC, and a lower CBD content.